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Using your Phone for Photos

I’m the first to admit that I am not an expert at photographing with my phone – after all, I love the results I get from my camera and lens, so my phone is mostly reserved for happy snaps.

In this lesson, we’ll be looking at some ways you can get the most out of your phone, and things to keep in mind when using your phone for photos. Keep in mind that the majority of lessons you’ll be seeing in your membership are still VERY applicable to phone photography, or possibly even moreso!

Some things, like getting down low, may need some modifications because of the wide angle. 

Other things, like making sure you’re conscious of light direction and how much ambient light there is is even more important with a phone. 

Phone Settings & Modes

What camera setting you use will depend on what kind of photography you’re doing. Obviously different phone models and brands will have different capabilities, so it’s worth seeing what yours is capable of.

It can also be worth checking out premium camera apps like Halide that allow you to take photos in RAW format, meaning you have more data to work with. 

Landscapes with dogs? Use the normal “Photo” mode. Get low, play with angles. 

Portraits in the woods? This is where “Portrait” mode will come in handy.

The next options and settings are more specific to an iPhone as that’s what I work with, so find the equivalent in your own phone if you use something different.

Above: Photo mode zoomed in 2x vs. portrait mode at f/1.4. Keep in mind these photos are taken in a really ugly, average location, with flat lighting, and aren’t edited. They aren’t meant to look good, they’re here as examples.

In "Photo" Mode

When in Photo mode there are a few things you can adjust to change how your photo comes out.

  • Zoom: Zooming in can be a good way to change the look of your photo, as it will reduce some of the distortion from having a wide lens. Keep in mind that because this is “optical zoom”, it’s kind of like zooming in on your photos on your computer rather than a lens moving or glass changing to magnify the image. This means the more you zoom in, the picture quality may also get worse, because the camera/sensor can’t actually SEE the object/subject any better, it’s just cutting out more and more of the surrounding image.
  • HDR, Macro etc. Personally I have HDR turned off as I feel like it goes to the extreme of making contrast. Macro mode has proved useful for taking photos of snowflakes, but I’m not sure it will be so useful for dog photos. 
  • Flash: I highly recommend you avoid using flash directly on your subjects. The light is harsh and unflattering. Get more light in your location if your camera is being forced to use flash.
  • Styles: Some cameras have photo styles, from Standard to “Rich Contrast,” “Vibrant” and more. Personally, I would rather do these edits myself than have them attached to the photo
  • Exposure: This looks like a Circle with a + and – symbol, and allows you to manually darken or brighten your photo. This could be quite useful! For example, if you’re photographing a dog but he looks too dark, slide the exposure to the right to brighten the whole image. Or, if your camera sees a black dog and decides the whole photo is too dark, you might want to turn down the exposure by sliding the slider to the left. Be aware that raising the exposure/making the photo brighter might make areas in the background way too bright. Be aware as well that darkening the image may make some parts of your subject so dark (especially if they’re black) that you lose detail and data in those areas.

In Portrait Mode

Portrait mode gives us a couple of other options that it’s worth being aware of. Portrait mode also gives us a digitally blurred background, that tries to emulate/create the look of a portrait lens. The issue with this can be that the software tries to figure out where the subject ends and the background begins, and this can be very difficult with furry dogs, as they aren’t made of smooth lines like people generally are, so you can get some weird effects of not-blurry-background next to blurry background. 

Making sure that there’s an obvious difference between the background and the subject, and getting a good amount of light on the subject will help your phone cut it out from the background. A fluffy brown dog on a textured, leafy brown background is going to be much harder than a smooth brown dog on a further-away green background, for example

  • Change the f/ number: with portrait mode, we can change the f/ number, or the aperture. This makes the background more or less blurry. A smaller number, sliding the slider to the left, makes the background blurrier, and a larger number makes it less blurry. Keep in mind that quite often more blur can be too much blur, especially when we’re trying to cut furry dogs out of the background and it looks a bit weird. 
  • Change the light settings: From natural light to a few weird studio light setups, you can change the light here. I’ve never used this feature and don’t think it would be especially useful for pet photography.

The Most Important Things

Because of the sensor size, and the fact that you’re probably shooting in JPEG, one thing to be especially aware of is getting enough light on the dog. Taking photos in low-light situations, deep in the woods for example, is going to be more difficult with your phone, and especially with black dogs. The phone simply can’t retain as much data. So finding good locations with enough SOFT ambient light (more on this in the Light lessons), will make sure you get the highest quality photos from your phone.

Finding the right angle and perspective is also something to be aware of, since your phone’s camera is a rather wide-angle lens, which can result in distortion, particularly if your dog’s head is for example, at the very top of the photo because you get down low (which I recommend). You can fix this by zooming in (potentially resulting in a loss of image quality), or fixing it in an editing program like Lightroom.

Lastly, be creative and purposeful, if you want to make nice pictures with your phone. Remember we talked about purpose? Taking 3,675 photos of your dog sleeping on the couch is one thing, but if you want a nice, artistic, impressive photo, you may need to spend a bit of time: find a good location. Check the background. Check the light. Play with your angle. Play with the dog’s pose. Think about composition. There’s a reason why not everyone is a photographer just because they take a photo. Great photos take time, thought, effort, and knowledge. 

Kit Lens vs. Other Lenses

One of the BIG reasons you may be struggling with photography is your lens. Most people start off with a “kit lens”, or the lens that came in a bundle with the camera. 

These lenses tend to actually be pretty unhelpful for beginners, and often rather limiting. Some of them are better quality than others, but most people who want to do photography properly end up growing out of their kit lenses very quickly. 

My advice to most people looking into equipment is to invest your money in “glass” (lenses) rather than the camera body. A good lens will make an average camera body look much better than it actually is.

There is definitely a difference between cheap lenses and expensive lenses, and if you cheap out with your lenses in the beginning, I suspect you’ll quickly regret it. 

What I wanted to do in this lesson was discuss the potential limitations of a kit lens, and in case you don’t believe me about image quality, I also wanted to prove the difference between investing in glass compared to your camera.

For many of the tests below, I use my professional camera, the Sony a7iii with the kit lens attached, and my 10 year old Sony a6000 (which has been beaten and battered and travelled the world) with my Sony 135mm f/1.8 lens (which is considered one of the best Sony lenses available).
I think you’ll see pretty quickly that it is the lens that makes the photo.

Kit Lens Limitations

In this case, I was using an 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6. As you learn more about depth of field you’ll quickly understand why this lens was not that fun!


  • Wide-ish angle. Lots and lots of detail in the background, lots of bright sky, not my favourite look.
  • Narrow maximum aperture. This meant that:
    • I didn’t get nice background or foreground blur
    • my ISO was usually extremely high (shooting in the woods on an extremely sunny afternoon with my other normal settings. It was bright for the woods in most of the locations) so the locations I could choose was limited, and I will probably have to deal with a lot of grain
  • the autofocus SUCKED. It was the worst I’ve EVER experienced. You’ll see in the video. I don’t know if this was because it’s a second hand lens (and not the highest quality one either, just the cheapest on that still worked) but I had to turn continuous autofocus OFF, and treat Journey like a bowl of apples. 


For this lesson I took a range of photos. Sometimes I wanted to compare the 18-55mm to my Sigma 35mm f/1.4 (a pretty good quality lens), and then compare it to my 135mm lens on my old Sony.

In typical Em-style I mixed everything up as I went, so just pay attention to the descriptions to figure out what’s going on.

Most of these are completely unedited, except for a couple where Loki was tilting his head or had it toward the bushes, so the side of his face was extremely dark. I tried to make them all a “decent” exposure, both in camera and in editing, to ensure a fair test, but sometimes the exposure varied as the light was changing a fair bit.

Pay attention not to the light, therefore, but to image quality, sharpness, the overall “look” of the image (blurry background/foreground?) and the camera settings I used. When you’re more familiar with exposure settings I recommend you come back here and see what a huge difference the variable & narrow aperture made.

If you want to view the images larger, right click and choose “Open in new tab” to get the full size. Though I exported them quite small so they wouldn’t take forever to load.

Test 1

Almost all the photos taken with the 18-55mm were out of focus as I couldn’t use continuous Autofocus, as it would just hunt. I got lucky with this one!

The photo from the a6000 is definitely softer than I would have expected, but it is a crop camera, and ISO640 is getting up there for it. It’s nothing I couldn’t fix with a little bit of editing, adding sharpness and clarity where needed.

Test 2

Test 3

Test 4

Choosing a Lens

Table of Contents

I’ve made a table below of different lens lengths. Keep in mind I am NOT a lens expert. It’s worth speaking to the people at a photography store (but they will likely recommend a 50mm as that’s commonly used for human portraiture, not pet photography). “Nifty 50s” can be fine beginner lenses but I don’t know ANY pet photographers who use them regularly. Most people who buy one as their beginner lens very quickly out-grow them and need to upgrade (probably to something longer). 

Things to consider when choosing a lens:

  • The best quality lenses, and the best lenses for (almost all) pet photography purposes are going to be “fast”. I’m not talking about how quickly they can focus (although this is important too) but rather how wide their widest aperture is.
    • Basically, a lens with an f-number of f/2.8 or wider (smaller numbers, eg., f/2, f/1.8, f/1.6, f/1.4, f/1.2) are going to allow more light in (allowing you to shoot in lower light conditions), and are going to give you a narrower depth of field (creating that beautiful blurry background and bokeh light spots).
    • A lens with a minimum aperture of f/3.5, f/4.5 or f/5.6 won’t give you a blurry background, is limited in how much light you need before you’re raising the ISO too high, and is therefore quite a lot more limiting. I can’t think of any reason you would want a lens with these apertures for pet photography except MAYBE for landscapes. Look for lenses that have a fixed aperture of f/2.8 or wider.
  • The next thing to consider is focal length, eg., how far away from the dog you need to be to take the photo and therefore how much of the background is included in the photo.
    • The shorter/wider angle the lens, the more of the background, and the longer the lens, the more compression (showing only a very narrow section of the background, giving you the ability to shoot on a roadside by a flowery bush, and have ONLY the flowery bush in the background). 
  • Using a wide angle lens requires you to be much more conscious of things like having trees growing out of the dog’s head (since you can see so much of the background and it isn’t as soft and blurry as a longer lens), and having a lot of open sky in the background, which does not turn into soft and pretty bokeh spots like it does with longer lenses, but stays as big bright speckled patches between the trees – see the examples below.
  • I’m not recommending specific brands/models here. There are literally dozens of 85mm (for example) lenses across the range of brands. Sony e-mount lenses alone have 3-4 varieties of an 85mm lens. 
  • Keep in mind as well, if your camera is a “crop sensor”, that a 35mm will act more like a 50mm lens, a 50mm lens will act/feel more like an 85mm and so on. I’ve listed the lengths below as they are on a full frame camera. I’m also not going to list all zoom variations (eg., 16-35mm, 28-75mm, etc etc) as there are just too many. 
  • “Prime” lenses are fixed lengths, and tend to be slightly sharper than a zoom lens. Prime lenses also usually come in versions with wider apertures than zoom lenses, which generally only go to f/2.8.
  • You tend to get what you pay for with lenses. If a lens is extremely cheap, you need to expect that it won’t be that sharp, may have quite some chromatic aberration, may struggle to focus, and so on. 
  • There are some examples of images taken with different lens-lengths below the table.

After reading this lesson, you may be tempted to write in and ask: Should I get the Sigma/Sony/Nikon/Tamron/Samyang…. And there isn’t going to be an answer here. 

First of all, because we don’t own a camera store. Second, because new lens models are coming out all the time. Third, because it can depend on the brand, the system you use, and other factors. 

Best is to look at: 

  • Maximum aperture (f/ number) and decide what works for you. Do you REALLY need f/1.2 or f/1.4 or will f/1.8 be fine?
  • Next is Autofocus speeds. Find some reviews. Is it a brand/model that’s slow to focus? Is that going to be a problem?
  • Next is size and weight. Some lenses are heavy beasts. Others aren’t. Do you want to lug around all that weight?
  • Lastly, price. Some brands will be cheap, but that usually comes at a “cost” – maybe some chromatic aberration (purple or green at the edges of light to dark areas of the photo), maybe some softness at the edges, maybe the lens itself is soft. Good, quality glass costs money, but that doesn’t always mean most expensive = best for YOU. 

Also, there will be no “perfect lens.” Very few things in life are perfect. Pick the one that ticks the most boxes and I’m 99% sure it will be just fine. In my opinion, the biggest mistake you can make is choosing the wrong focal length. Getting a 35mm lens and expecting the background to look like a 135mm lens, for example.

Lens Comparison Table

Lens length
Good for…
Keep in mind
14, 20, 24mm
Landscape photos. Mountains, lakes, wide sweeping plains. Any time you want to emphasise the SIZE of the landscape. Also for “bobble-head” or “dog-selfie” type images.
Can have some distortion when taking photos of the dog up close, enlarging the head and making them look strange.
28mm, 35mm
Moderate landscapes, a slightly different perspective than most “traditional” pet photographer lenses.
Still includes quite a lot of the background, so not great for isolating the pet in an image
It’s said the 50mm lens is closest to how the world looks from with our eyes, so a lot of people begin with a 50mm as the length feels very comfortable. Used a lot in human portraiture, but considered a bit “boring” as it’s pretty safe.
Not really often used in pet photography as it’s a bit of a “nothing” lens. It doesn’t have a lot of background compression so you still get a lot of the background included, you need to be quite close to your subject to get real background blur/bokeh, which doesn’t work for full body shots of dogs. It’s definitely more a human head/shoulders portrait lens, IMO.
70-200mm f/2.8
I’m listing this as a zoom rather than a stand-alone 70mm (I think the next prime lens is an 85). This is one of the MOST recommended lenses for beginning pet photographers. It usually has good AF speed for action, is very versatile in that you can zoom in and out of dogs moving around. For portraiture, zooming in to 135mm or 200mm gives you a lot of compression (squashes up the background to achieve that narrow depth of field and creamy bokeh). It’s probably not as sharp as a prime lens, but perfectly acceptable for pet photography
Can be pretty big and heavy. The better quality and “faster” versions are usually expensive, but you could use this lens and no other lenses, if you wanted, so it’s worth the investment.
This is actually one of my favourite lens lengths. The version I have is light and small so it’s super easy to carry around. It was inexpensive so I don’t mind it getting a bit beaten up on our walks. The images are super sharp, and I really like the working length – I’m not too far from the dogs so I don’t have to fall off a cliff to try and get them in the frame, but there’s still a lovely amount of compression and foreground and background blur.
You MAY want more compression for even softer and creamier backgrounds on full body portraits, especially for client shoots. Not so great with action as it’s a bit wide to take in any action happening far away, and you can’t zoom in or out.
105mm, 135mm
I’ve grouped these together even though they’re slightly different. A lot of people love the 105mm, and I believe the Sigma 105mm f/1.4 ART lens produces incredible images (but it ridiculously heavy! Lots of glass in there). Both lenses have beautiful compression of the background even for full body shots. My Sony 135mm f/1.8 GM is my sharpest lens, and currently the lens I use the MOST for clients and my own dogs. I’d say 80% of my photos are taken using this lens these days, and 20% with the Sony 85mm
Likely quite a heavy lens, and probably pricey too. Takes some getting used to working at this focal length, and can be a little restrictive as there’s a LOT of foreground before the subject, so you have to find places that work with the lens. Also you have to be quite far away from the dog, so if you’re trying to shoot in a smaller space (eg., there’s a ditch or hill or something behind you) then you might run out of room. Also if your dog doesn’t stay, you mightn’t be able to get far enough away to use this lens.
These super long lenses are usually only used in wildlife or bird photography, when the subject is a long way away and can’t be approached. Of course you COULD use them for pet photography, and you would get amazing compression and soft backgrounds, but I think there are more convenient lenses. I believe Marc Gaub (an amazing photographer who takes photos at the agility world championships) uses a 300mm f/2 lens. It’s a BEAST.
Super heavy!!! So much glass!! You constantly have to be very far from your subject and considering all the foreground that may be blocking the view of your subject. Also usually very expensive too as they’re quite specialist lenses.

Wide Angle Lenses (from 10-24mm)


16mm on a crop frame. Old photo, please ignore the blown-out sky


16mm (not my photo, from pixabay)


16mm (not my photo, from pexels)


16mm (not my image. From pixabay)


16mm (not my image, from pexels)


10mm (not my image, from pexels)

Taken at f/2.8 with a 24mm lens.

Tamron 17-28mm taken at 27mm, f/2.8

DSC03998-Edit copy

Tamron 17-28mm f/2.8 taken at 20mm, f/2.8


Tamron 17-28mm, taken at 25mm f/2.8

Mid-length lenses (28-50mm)


28mm f/2.0 Very lightly edited - the huge areas of white/blue behind Journey were just open sky. This was taken in the middle of the woods in winter so there was nothing to filter out the sky. It's not pretty. There was sky EVERYWHERE.

28mm f/2.8 lens

28mm f/2.0This is quite a cute effect. Limiting the amount of sky through the trees, and being close to the dog for a narrow depth of field is really key.


50mm (not my image, from pexels)


50mm on a crop frame


35mm (not my image, from pexels)












Sigma 35mm


Sigma 35mm

Longer Lenses (85mm-135mm)

DSC09703-Edit copy






Copy of Untitled






A fine-art headshot of a border collie backlit and amongst the ferns












I’ll update this gallery soon with some newer photos!

Focal Length Comparisons

The images below will show you comparisons between different focal lengths. I will be slowly building up a “library” of these images – but I generally try and avoid changing my lenses mid shoot, and usually don’t stray from the 85mm or 135mm anyway.

These photos will have been taken at the same location, though I may have moved closer or further away to compensate for the varying lens lengths.

Most of these photos will NOT have been edited, as they were taken for the purposes of this lesson, and it is more useful to see them as they are, rather than with blur added to the background or other things done to change the original look of the scene.

Puck's Glen

This first set of images comes from Puck’s Glen in Scotland. I loved the location but it was extremely difficult as there was no real way to move around – I could really only take the photo from one position. This meant the 35mm included way too much of the scene and the dogs got a bit lost in it… the 85mm had lovely bokeh but a lot of the scene was cut out (though later I would end up making panoramas here).

In the end I liked the 50mm best here! You can see the final chosen and edited image below.


Puck's Glen 2

This was a beautiful little backlit glade, but I just couldn’t quite make it work how I saw it.

I wanted to show the general size and shape of this place, but again the 35mm felt too busy and “flat” for me. I made a panorama of 6 images with the 85mm instead, to get the whole scene included, but also to get it with beautiful bokeh and compression. Below is the single image of Journey with the 85mm, and then the stitched panorama version. This scene may have worked with the 50mm but I’d forgotten I had it with me at this point!

Puck's Glen 3

This was another beautiful spot in the Glen that was very difficult to capture how I wanted to. There were such limited places I could stand before I was falling off a cliff.

Once again, I found that the 35mm included TOO much, and the dog was totally lost in this scene. The 50mm was better, and the 85mm cut out a lot of the scene, making it lose some of its charm.

In the end I ended up making a 10-piece panorama image (see it below) but it’s all a bit much for me! I still couldn’t get close enough to my subject to really get enough detail on him – from the distance I had to stand, he’s really quite pixelated.

Trossachs National Park

This was a pretty simple “tunnel between trees” beside a road but I saw it had massive potential.

While I was there I decided to take several images with different lenses for the point of comparison, though I knew I would only want to use my 135mm for this, for that creamy soft bokeh.

For these examples I tried to have the dog the same size in the frame, and I think it is a brilliant example of how compression changes throughout the focal lengths: from heaps and heaps of distracting, busy bright spots, to the perfect, soft, creamy tunnel of light that I had envisaged. 

I ended up creating a small 2 image panorama. The final edit is shown below.


As you can see, this was a super sunny bright day, so I really only took these photos of examples of some different lenses in this more landscape situation. I’m sure you can imagine how the 135mm would have looked – all of the background would have been filled with the castle.

In this one, I stayed in the same spot for each photo starting with the 85mm, so you get a sense of how each one looks without moving closer to the dogs, except for the last image taken with the 35mm, where I moved closer.

Spring Green Examples

In these examples, I will use the different lenses I had on hand to show you how the scene changes with each. I tried to keep the dog the same size in the frame, therefore moving myself further away with the longer lens length. Pay atention particularly to the background in each

Full body - far away

Top: 35mm

Middle: 50mm

Bottom: 135mm

All taken at f/1.8

Full body - closer

Top: 35mm

Middle: 50mm

Bottom: 135mm

All taken at f/1.8

Headshot Only

Top: 35mm

Middle: 50mm

Bottom: 135mm

All taken at f/1.8

Extremely Close Headshot

Top: 35mm

Middle: 50mm

Bottom: 135mm (this one isn’t as close as the other two)

All taken at f/1.8

Choosing a Camera

This lesson is pretty text-heavy. Apologies in advance, but apart from random photos of random things I’m not too sure how to spice it up!

There are hundreds of different cameras and lenses out there, spanning over the past 2, 5, 10 years, of all different budgets and abilities and strengths and weaknesses. I know it can be overwhelming to have to choose one. Unfortunately I’m not really going to be able to make your job too much easier – I know about pet photography, but I’m not a camera make and model expert by any means. 

Team Member Ana, however, has done a heap of research on different cameras and their features, and is standing by to help you out. Jump on over to Inspawration Connect > Topics > Gear and @Ana Raičič for her thoughts. Be as specific as you can about what you want from your camera, so only post after you’ve read through this lesson!

Read through the suggestions below, make a list of features or functions you need, then if you can, go to a store, so you can actually handle cameras. Some are much bigger and bulkier than others. 

Professor Snoot

Mirrorless or DSLR

Have a think about whether you want a mirrorless or DSLR. There’s a ton of info out there on both, but essentially, a traditional DSLR has a small mirror in the body that flips when you press the shutter, reflecting the image to the sensor. Because of this, when you look through the viewfinder, you (usually) just see the scene as it is, not necessarily with the exposure based on the settings you’ve chosen. Some (many) new DSLRs have an option to turn on “live view” which shows essentially a movie of the scene, with your exposure settings applied. Sometimes the frames per second of DSLRs can be slower, as they have to constantly flip a mirror. That are usually a bit bigger and bulkier, but a bit more robust, with a wide selection of lenses, and better battery life.


A mirrorless camera is usually a smaller body, as there’s no mirror inside. Through the viewfinder and on the back of the camera, you are constantly seeing a movie projection of the scene including your exposure settings, so you know how light or dark your image will be when you take it. This can drain the battery faster than traditional DSLRs.  Because there’s no mirror, their autofocus can be quicker, and for whatever reason, mirrorless cameras tend to work a bit better in low light conditions. I personally have a mirrorless and I love it. I also believe that mirrorless cameras are the future of cameras, and lenses, technology and updates will be focusing more on mirrorless than DSLRs.

Jump on google images and search for “Mirrorless and DSLR” and you’ll see plenty of cameras side by side, to get a sense of the size.

Here is my small camera with my small lens. It also has a flip-out screen which is so helpful.

"Crop sensor" or Full Frame?

 Some entry level cameras are called “Crop sensors”. I don’t want to get into the nitty-gritty of this because I don’t think it’s necessary, but basically a crop sensor is a smaller sensor, meaning your camera sees less of the scene (which is again compressed depending on the length of your lens). What does it mean for you? Not that much, really. It will change the distance you’ll need to be from your subject with the lenses you use compared to someone using those same lenses on a full frame camera… you may get slightly less narrow depth of field/blurred background/bokeh with a crop sensor… but that’s pretty marginal. So do your research here and see if there’s a real benefit for you going FF or not. That being said, most hobbiests who want to get more serious do move from crop to FF after a while. 

Low Light Capability

In my opinion and experience, this is something you want to look into for our kind of photography.

Especially since we might want photos at dusk, on overcast days, in the woods, or even indoors. How well your camera can perform under low light conditions and how good its dynamic range is, can really affect what kinds of photos we can take and how much flexibility we have. I want to be able to take photos over ISO 1000 (more on ISO in the following lessons) without them immediately becoming destroyed. But! If you’re just taking photos of dogs at a dog park, or in your back yard, this mightn’t be such a priority.

Dynamic range is also tied to low light capabilities. You’ll see a lot of my “before” images are very dark, but I know I can lighten them without too much trouble as my camera has good dynamic range so it saves a lot of information even in the dark parts of the image. Some cameras (the Canon 7dmkii for example) don’t keep the data in the shadows so well, so when you try and lighten the image, it might get ruined/noisy/grainy more quickly. 

This is a before & after image I shot recently. I had to expose the image this way in order to keep all the detail in the clouds, and the colour in the sky, but my boys and I are very nearly black! Because my camera has great dynamic range, I could raise the shadows a lot to bring detail back into those very dark areas, but even my camera found this difficult in this case – resulting in a lot of noise on the finished image! If my camera HADN’T been so good at retaining detail in the dark areas, it would have been an absolute disaster.

Speed & action shots

If you want to do action photos regularly, or photos of puppies or dogs just moving about, a camera which can focus, take many photos quickly, and track a subject with accuracy is going to be more important than if you’re getting a camera to take photos of your couch-potato pups.

The question you need to ask yourself here is: how much serious action photography am I planning to do?

A few shots of a dog running toward you every now and then is very different to wanting to take photos at the local agility club every single weekend. Dogs moving at speed (think border collies running, any kind of speedy agility dogs, etc) need a very good autofocus system – better than most human/portrait photographers would consider good. 

So if you’re looking for something which can seriously handle actual action photography, take most camera recommendations on what is “good” for action with a grain of salt.

I would consider this "gentle action"
This is much faster, much more intense, and much more difficult.

Other considerations

  • Do you already have some gear? If you already have a large collection of one brand of lenses, you might wish to stay with that brand. 
  • Film/movies. Will you be taking a lot of movies with your camera?
  • Animal-Eye Autofocus. Everyone is going crazy over this feature now that it’s out there. My camera has it. It identifies where the dog’s eye is and theoretically focuses on it. I still use a single point AF and still move it over the dog’s eye. I figure it can’t hurt to have two focus systems both looking for the eye. And even then it isn’t correct 100% of the time. I would worry that relying too heavily on Animal-Eye AF could lead to some missed shots if the camera is making all the decisions.
  • Different types of focus detection (you’ll see Phase AF, Contrast AF, and I don’t even know what else these days.) I’m sure each different method has different pros and cons.
  • Weather sealing. Are you likely to take photos on rainy days? You may wish to get a camera which is weather-sealed.
  • Articulating/flip screen. This is actually a big one for me, and Sony’s screen isn’t even that great. I LOVE that I can flip the screen out, kneel on the ground and still see how the shot is composed. With cameras that don’t have a flip out screen, you may need to be lying on your belly very often. 
  • WiFi & NFC capability. I rarely send images from my camera to my phone or computer via anything but the SD card. However, I do like that I can control the camera via a remote on my iPhone, meaning I can take self-portraits and see the composition before I take the photo with the phone’s remote shutter release. 
  • Touch screen? Some people love touch screens. Probably a good feature for beginners, as you an set the focus point by tapping the screen. I don’t use mine. 
  • Colour profiles. There’s some debate around different colour profiles amongst brands. A lot of Canon people hate Sony’s colour. I figure I can fix any colour with white balance adjustment so I’m not sure what the big deal is, but some people swear black and blue that Sony’s colour is awful. Make up your own mind here I guess.

Phone or Camera?

Table of Contents

Phones have come a long way lately, but they still have their limitations! I didn’t want to design my lessons just around someone having a fancy camera and lens so in this lesson we’ll look at what limitations a phone might have, a few techniques to try when using your phone for photography, and what software you might want to use for editing.

This is a bit of an old lesson and I need to remake it 😅 It DOES cut out when I’m talking, but you can find the next part of the video in the Raw vs. Jpeg lesson!

Some Considerations When Using a Phone

A phone will work perfectly fine in many cases, and of course it depends on the purpose of your photo and what you are wanting to do with it. They often say the best camera is the one you have with you, and for most of us, that’s our phone! I don’t believe a phone, even the very best one, will ever match the picture quality of a  camera and good lens, but much of the information you’ll learn here will be perfectly relevant and important to you, even when just using your phone as your phone! 

There are some things to consider when using a phone:

  • You won’t always be able to get the soft blurred background (most do have “portrait mode” but it has its issues, especially with fluffy dogs.) Having a DSLR with a zoom lens or prime lens will let you get the soft background & foreground effect (for real, not faked!). One of the MAIN questions I get asked is “How do I get such soft, creamy backgrounds?” and the answer is: with a good lens. So if that is the style of photography you’re aiming for, a phone is going to make that difficult (but not impossible – you’ll see examples below).
  • Shooting backlight, or in any kind of challenging lighting situation (low light, strong contrasts, etc) might have its limitations. A phone just doesn’t retain as much data, and lightening dogs up can be tricky as they quickly become grainy and have less detail.
  • The photos may not have as much potential to be edited just because of the strength of the sensor which isn’t going to be able to capture as much data as a dedicated camera.
  • You may not be able to print your images out to a large size, as there just may not be enough detail (note that I say may, as it can depend entirely on your phone). 
  • You may need to be a little bit more creative about the angles/perspective you use, because you often get the best results with your phone when you are quite close to the dog, but as a phone usually has quite a wide angle lens, this makes things a bit interesting! Composition can be a bit interesting, as the wide angle tends to work better with portrait orientation… more on this in later lessons!

Using your phone will mean you’ll need to focus even more on taking a great image “straight out of camera”. Pay especially close attention to lighting, and making sure the subject’s face is well lit, as you probably won’t have as much flexibility in editing as someone with a camera might have. 

Phone vs. Camera

You don’t need to rush out and buy a super expensive camera. In fact, I think the best thing to purchase is one really good lens to go with your camera a body. I  recommend an 85mm f/1.8 to many of my students. It’s lightweight, good quality, versatile for the kind of portraiture I do, and doesn’t usually cost the earth.
There are a lot of options when it comes to buying a camera and lenses – both the “Choosing a DSLR & Lens” lesson, and the “Depth of Field” lesson may help you to decide. Let’s have a look at some examples of photos taken with both a phone and a camera, in the same location, and edited more or less the same.

Taken with iPhone11, not on portrait mode.

Taken with the Sony a6000, and a Tamron 28-75mm f/2.8 lens. An older camera and NOT my normal portrait lens!

Taken with iPhone11, on portrait mode. I edited it slightly, to try and brighten the face and the eyes, but because of the shape of his head, eyes and fur, and naturally very dark eyes, there wasn’t much I could do. Maybe if I’d tilted his head up a bit more to get some more light on it, the results would have been better. But this is why getting your photos right “in camera”, and paying extra attention to lighting is really important  when using a phone.

Same time & location, but taken with my very good 135mm lens. I probably did slightly less editing on this version. I could brighten his face & eye area more but didn’t want to go overboard. But for sure there was a lot more data I could continue to work with here. 

Now, this one I’m a bit proud of. Below I will explain how I achieved the background effect. But this was taken with my iPhone 11 in very bad photography conditions – late in the day, in the woods. There was hardly any light, even my camera was struggling. I took a lot of time and care to edit this photo, however, so you would be hard-pressed to achieve this photo Straight out of camera – click on the image below to see it unedited.

There are definitely some elements working in my favour here, and I will discuss them below.

This was taken with my Sony a7iii & 35mm f/1.4 lens. The settings were already at a bit of a limit given how dark it was. I’m a little bit further away from Loki in this shot than the iPhone shot, but I edited them more or less exactly the same.

Getting the Most Out Of Your Phone

These photos were both taken with my phone just outside my house (one on one side of the house, the other around the back), which I think shows that lighting, perspective, expression, background, and some basic editing techniques can make the difference between a bad photo, and a decent photo, without needing a camera

Let’s say you want to stick with your phone for now. There are a few things you can do and keep in mind that will help you get the most out of it. As you work through these lessons, don’t discount the lessons which seem like they are specifically for cameras as your phone is a camera too and uses many of the same functions.

  • Pay special attention to light. Harsh light, strong contrasts, or not enough light on the dog’s face (with more light elsewhere) are big problems with phone photos.
  • Use portrait mode.
    • Be careful of backgrounds which are the same colour as the dog. The phone’s software analyses the scene, then blurs what it assumes to be the background. It struggles therefore when there is fur which is the same colour as the background, as it can’t tell which is which. As a result you may get parts of the background very sharp around the edges of the dog.
    • Phones struggle with the very fine detail of long coated dogs and will make the edges of their ear fur very jagged. It might be worth trimming their ear fur, or brushing it so it isn’t so “shaggy”
    •  On some phones, it’s possible to even change the “aperture” to increase how blurred the background is. The photo of Loki on the moss above was taken at (a simulation of) f/1.4. You can see below on some simple, unedited indoor shots of Journey, the “normal” portrait mode (which uses f/2.8) vs. me changing the aperture to f/1.4. If you’re not sure about all this aperture talk, it will become clearer once you read through the aperture lessons.I don’t believe the phone actually changes its aperture, but instead just enhances the perception of a narrower depth of field.
  • Play with Depth of Field by getting closer to your dog, and having them further from the background. More on depth of field in future lessons.
  • Take multiple photos to make sure the eyes are in focus. Tap on the screen to tell the phone where to focus but don’t rely on that only! Phone cameras love to focus on the nose of the dog, especially when we are quite close to them. The nose is then the closest thing to the camera, and it’s usually shiny (contrast!) which sensors are easily able to grab onto and focus on. 
  • Play with your perspective. When you get to the perspective lesson, you may need to experiment to find the balance between being low enough, and so low that it’s ridiculous. Because of the phone’s wide angle lens, when a dog is sitting or standing, we need to be conscious of how much they are “towering over us” and when it becomes too much.
  • Watch the exposure! Most phones will allow you to tap or hold on the screen and slide your finger up or down to adjust the exposure. Most of the time, we want to make sure that the bright areas of our image aren’t ending up too bright (as our attention is drawn to the brightest parts of an image) but also not so dark that we lose detail and date from our dogs – especially black ones.
    • In the case of black dogs, expose so your dog isn’t too dark. More on exposure in upcoming lessons, but you may wish to find the balance between exposing for highlights and saving data in the shadows when you get to those lessons!
  • Get to know your phone. Different brands, and even different versions across brands will have different camera functions built in. Some allow you a lot more control over the camera’s settings, so you just need to find how to change these settings, and have a look through the exposure lessons. 
  • Don’t use the flash. Any forward-facing flash directly hitting a person or animal is rarely flattering.

Photos in Focus

If you have signed up for this course, I will assume that you’re keen to begin taking more control of your camera, to get the results you want.

The truth is, the more control we give our camera, the more mistakes it can make. Depending on the technology, when it comes to focus, by giving the camera control, we run the risk of it focusing on something in the foreground (since it’s so close to the camera), the dog’s nose (since it’s usually shiny and close to the camera), or something in the background (which might be high contrast). 

Most camera autofocus systems operate by finding contrast. Hopefully, this contrast is the shiny part of the dog’s eye. But, with the camera on any kind of wider focus mode, this may not be the case.

Remember! The more control we give to the camera, the more chances it has to make mistakes!

This is true when talking about where and how we want it to focus, as well as how bright or dark we want the scene to be! 

Focus Modes vs. Focus Area

We will be covering two topics in this lesson: focus modes, and focus area. These aren’t to be mixed up, as they perform two very different functions, although both are important and both need to be set correctly in order to achieve the results we want.

Focus Modes

Focus modes tell our camera HOW we want to set focus (not where). Do we want it to focus on one thing, one time? Do we want it to track the subject? Or do we want to set the focus ourselves manually? These can also be referred to as “Autofocus modes”.

Focus Area

This is telling the camera how large or small of an area to search for and apply its focus to (unless we have selected “manual focus mode” from above, in which case it’s up to us). We can tell it to search for the subject/thing/focal point in the WHOLE IMAGE, or in one very small area, and basically everything in between. 

Workshop: Back to Basics – Learning Our Camera

Dynamic Range Optimization:

From Sony’s website:

Dynamic Range Optimizer/D-Range Optimizer (DRO):

The DRO function analyzes the contrast and produces an image with optimal brightness and recovered shadow detail. You can use this function while the subject is moving or during continuous shooting. The image may appear noisy because the image is corrected with image processing.

But to be honest, when I used it, everything just became insanely dark. Maybe I should try again, because optimal brightness and recovered shadow detail sounds great but it really, really sucked when I had it turned on.

Chat Transcript:

19:57:02 From Rosalind Phang : hii
19:57:12 From irenenyrud : I hear you 🙂
19:57:16 From Alice Nentwig : Hello… I can hear you fine 🙂
20:01:25 From lenorehedemark : I forgot and someone else reminded me 😅
20:02:42 From lenorehedemark : I’m eating donuts in a sweatshirt so my camera won’t be on today 😂
20:03:13 From Rosalind Phang : Baking a cake atm 😛
20:05:04 From Tracey : Emily have you pressed record?
20:06:37 From Tracey : Lol, ok good!!
20:11:15 From olivia : took me ages to figure out my new camera after Christmas after using my old one for 2 years 😂 think I’m still figuring things out accidentally as time goes on 😂
20:11:33 From lenorehedemark : I have mine set up the same! It kept annoying me the other way
20:16:53 From Tracey : I have a nikon d7200 cant find shutter speed
20:17:02 From Rosalind Phang : yes
20:17:15 From Rosalind Phang : Its the dial on the top of the camera
20:17:18 From olivia : dial
20:17:20 From Rosalind Phang : Just move it around with your thumb
20:18:02 From Tracey : oh good!
20:18:23 From Tracey : playing
20:18:33 From olivia : it was aperture on my new Nikon d750 I couldn’t find for ages, it’s a dial on front of camera haha
20:19:03 From Jessica Liu Ek : Anyone with Nikon who knows how to change the shutter button? Like changing which button that affects the shutter. If that makes sense?😅
20:19:07 From Rosalind Phang : yes
20:19:55 From Agnes : I always forget which dial is which 😂. I know it normally but I forget in action
20:19:59 From Jessica Liu Ek : I mean like the dial. So i want the dial that affects the aperture to affect the shutter speed instead
20:20:31 From Rosalind Phang : Jessica, go to menu,
20:20:41 From Jessica Liu Ek : Okay thanks I’ll try to find it
20:20:42 From Rosalind Phang : Then go to the pencil n the left
20:20:57 From Rosalind Phang : It takes you to the controls menu, and then you should be able to find customise command dials.
20:21:14 From Rosalind Phang : Does that help?
20:21:32 From Jessica Liu Ek : Oh yes thanks Rosie. I’ve been looking for that one for ages
20:21:38 From Rosalind Phang : great;)
20:25:38 From lenorehedemark : I’ve had Sony for a year and didn’t even know the fn button was there or did anything til like a week ago 😂
20:25:44 From lenorehedemark : ‘
20:29:23 From olivia : I think this is what I struggle with: focus area
20:30:05 From lenorehedemark : I feel like I switch my focus settings like everyday. I just can’t get it right lol
20:30:55 From Rosalind Phang : Do you use auto focus for self portraits?
20:32:03 From Alice Nentwig : With action shots: do you use expand flexible spot, flexible spot or zone??? I never seem to get the eyes in focus…
20:33:11 From olivia : yes! thank you that’s very helpful!
20:33:45 From irenenyrud : Did it work to send a photo? I don’t understand what the «L+tracking» do.. I have a canon Eos R.
20:35:24 From Rosalind Phang : Helps to have eye tracking! Haha! Mine doesn’t do any continuous tracking or any tracking.
20:36:50 From olivia : I managed to get a couple of action shots today by pre-focusing on the obstacle the dog was jumping over because my camera hates my black dog running at speed 😂
20:37:45 From irenenyrud : Ah, I dint know it was a face 😀
20:38:00 From irenenyrud : Hahaha
20:38:47 From Rosalind Phang : Nope
20:39:01 From Rosalind Phang : I have to keep moving the focus point to focus
20:39:07 From Agnes : Metoo d750 😂
20:40:03 From lenorehedemark : Do you have a dial or something to move your focus point or do you have to go into the menu?
20:40:04 From Rosalind Phang : Ahh ok got it!
20:40:25 From irenenyrud : Me neither 😀
20:40:28 From Tracey : Im glad you asked that Fiona!!!!
20:43:57 From lenorehedemark : I love back-button focus. I set it a few months ago and have been obsessed 😂
20:45:19 From irenenyrud : Do you keep half pressing the shutter at the same time as you hold the «af on»?
20:47:45 From lenorehedemark : Hmm smart! I’ve never thought to do that!
20:48:08 From Rosalind Phang : Thank you! Was always wondering about that
20:48:39 From Jessica Liu Ek : That’s so smart! I was so annoyed when it kept re-focusing before I discovered back focus
20:52:07 From lenorehedemark : Oh I asked a question I think you missed
20:52:25 From lenorehedemark : Do you have a dial or something to move your focus point or do you have to go into the menu?
20:53:21 From lenorehedemark : I have a joystick I think but it just doesn’t work to move the focus point
20:55:12 From irenenyrud : You answered my question about half pressing the button – thank you 😀
20:55:21 From lenorehedemark : Ok thank you. That is what mine does and it’s just a bit of a hassle when shooting so I wanted to know if there was something different
20:55:58 From lenorehedemark : I did but it came in with a broken sensor so I sent it back
20:59:46 From Rosalind Phang : When you took the self portraits with your dogs, I thought you were using your phone as a remote but I didn’t see your phone in your hand?!
21:01:57 From Rosalind Phang : HAHAHAA
21:04:27 From lenorehedemark : I love the “post to instagram” reminder 😆
21:05:39 From lenorehedemark : Oh gosh I definitely need that. My photos are always crooked and I always have to fix it in post
21:10:44 From lenorehedemark : Omg that’s super helpful. I never knew that existed 😂
21:17:03 From lenorehedemark : RAW is a huge lifesaver for events
21:19:36 From Agnes : Colour space: srgb or adobe rgb, or in case raw it is not important?
21:20:43 From Agnes : Thanks 😊
21:23:01 From Teresa : what does the Dynamic Range Optimization do?
21:24:01 From lenorehedemark : What is it supposed to do?
21:24:34 From lenorehedemark : I’ll turn it off and see what changes
21:25:06 From lenorehedemark : Is that DRO?
21:25:20 From lenorehedemark : Oh nice it’s already off
21:26:20 From Teresa : ah thanks!
21:27:19 From lenorehedemark : I don’t think I have anymore. Thank you so much!!
21:27:26 From Rosalind Phang : Thank you:)
21:27:33 From Alice Nentwig : Thank you so much as always!
21:27:44 From Jessica Liu Ek : Thank you Em!
21:27:48 From lenorehedemark : Have a nice night!
21:28:05 From lenorehedemark : Oh yes I won’t forget this time 😂
21:28:21 From Tracey : Thanks Emily, i’ll need to watch again but appreciate your patience with us. xx
21:29:20 From Agnes : Thank you so much 😊